Sound and vibrations: fundamentals for electrical engineers

This technical bibliography comes from EOMYS technical training on the fundamental of noise and vibrations for electrical engineers. It is regularly updated based on EOMYS consulting experience in troubleshoot and reduction of noise & vibrations in electrical machines and drives.

Electrical engineers can no longer design electrical machines focusing on electromagnetics, structural strength and heat transfer. Noise and vibration levels are a key design criterion in many electrical system applications for health, comfort or reliability purpose. More and more standards include acoustic and vibration requirements, so electrical engineers must get familiar with NVH and integrate it during the early design process of electrical machines using Manatee software. This requires electrical engineers to collaborate with NVH engineers and share the same vocabulary.

For more information on EOMYS technical training offer, please visit


[A101] F. Fahy and P. Gardonio, Sound and structural vibration, Academic Press, 2007.

[A102] J.-L. Guyader, Vibrations des milieux continus, Hermes, 2002.

[A103] W. Soedel, Vibrations of shells and plates, Marcel Dekker, 2004.

[A104] Leissa

[A105] J. Piranda, Analyse modale expérimentale, Techniques de l’ingénieur, 2001.

[A106] C. Lesueur, Rayonnement acoustique des structures, Ed. Eyrolles, 1988.

[A107] B.J. Scwartz and M.H. Richardson, Experimental modal analysis, CSI Reliability Week, Orlando FL, 1999.

[A108] The fundamentals of Modal Testing, Application Note 243-3, Agilent Technologies.

[A109] P. Avitabile, Experimental modal analysis (asimple non-mathematical presentation), Sound&Vibration Magazine.

[A110] F. Gautier, Lectures notes, ENSIM.

[A111] C. Pézerat, Lectures notes, ENSIM.

[A112] A. Pelat, Lectures notes, ENSIM.

[A113] J.-C. Pascal, Lectures notes, ENSIM.

[A114] C.E. Wallace, Radiation resistance of rectangular panel, JASA 51 (2), 946-952, 1972.


[A116] « Influence of Hairpin Winding and Insulation on the Vibration Behavior of Electric Machines”, M. E. Gerlach, 2023


[A1] J. C. Gieras, Noise of Polyphase Motor, CRC Press

[A2] J. Le Besnerais, P. Pellerey, V. Lanfranchi « Bruit acoustique d’origine magnétique dans les machines synchrones », Techniques de l’Ingénieur (in French), 2013


[A4] M. Bruneau, Manuel d’Acoustique Fondamentale, Hermes, 1998.

[A5] Johnson et al.

[A6] Champoux et Allard

[A7] Atalla

[A8] J.Y. Chung and D.A. Blaser, Transfer function method of measuring in-duct acoustic properties. II. Experiment, JASA 68(914), 1980.

[A9] M.E. Delany and E.N. Bazley, Acoustical properties of fibrous absorbent materials, Applied Acoustics 3(2), 105-116, 1970.

[A10] C. Zwikker and C.W. Kosten, Sound absorbing materials, New York, Elservier Pub. Co., 1949.

[A11] O. Dazel, Lectures notes, Université du Maine.

[A12] N. Dauchez, Lectures notes, ENSIM.

[A13] C. Ayrault, Lectures notes, Université du Maine (« acoustic research » Master Degree).

[A14] D.A. Bies and C.H. Hansen, Engineering Noise Control, Spon, pp320-330, 1996.

[A15] Z. Maekawa, Noise reduction screens, Applied Acoustics 1, 157-173, 1968.

[A16] N.P. Norton, Fundamentals of noise and vibration analysis for engineers, Cambridge Univ. Press, p. 290, 1989.

[A17] L. Nicolas, M. Furstoss and M.A. Galland, Analogy Eletromagnetism-Acoustics: Validation and Application to Local Impedance Active Control for Sound Absorption, November 1997.

[A18] J.M. Carcione and F. Cavallini, On the acoustic-electromagnetic analogy, Wave motion 21, 149-162, 1995.

[A19] F. Jacobsen and H.-E. de Bree, A comparison of two different sound intensity measurement principles, JASA 118(3), September 2005.

[A20] IEC 61672-1:2013 Electroacoustics – Sound level meters – Part 1: Specifications. IEC. 2013.


[A22] T. Ran Lin, Characteristics of Modal Sound Radiation of Finite Cylindrical Shells, Journal of Vibration and Acoustics, 2011