[IEEE Trans. Mag.] Study of the combined effects of the air-gap transfer for Maxwell Tensor and the tooth mechanical modulation in electrical machines

AuthorsRaphaël Pile; Yvonnick Le Menach; Jean Le Besnerais; Guillaume Parent;
StatusPublished in: IEEE Transactions on Magnetics ( Volume: 56, Issue: 1, January 2020 )
KeywordsMagnetic forces, electric machines, electromagnetics, magnetomechanical effects, vibrations


The Maxwell Tensor (MT) method is widely used to compute global forces or local surface forces for vibroacoustic design of electrical machines under electromagnetic excitation. In particular the air-gap Maxwell Tensor method is based on a cylindrical shell in the middle of the air-gap. This paper proposes to quantify the differences between the air-gap MT and the magnetic force wave experienced by the stator. In particular the air-gap to stator transfer and the tooth mechanical modulation effects are studied. A new formula is proposed to extend the tooth modulation effect to tangential forces. A numerical application is performed with a turbo-alternator to illustrate the respective and combined effects of both phenomena. The paper highlights that the tooth mechanical modulation is relevant even for electrical machines with a high number of teeth. Additionally the combination of the two phenomena has a clear impact on the calculated surface force. Therefore, it is recommended to take into account the air-gap transfer for any study of the tooth mechanical modulation effect.


The pre-print article can be found here:The published version can be found on IEEE Xplore.


This study has been performed based on MANATEE software.

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